The purpose of the flight review required by 14 CFR part 61, § 61.56 is to provide for a regular evaluation of pilot skills and aeronautical knowledge. Consequently, a flight review is a routine evaluation of a pilot’s ability to conduct safe flight. In effect, it is a proficiency-based exercise in which the airman is required to demonstrate the safe exercise of the privileges of his or her pilot certificate. Section 61.56 states that the review must consist of a minimum of 1 hour of ground training and a minimum of 1 hour of flight training.
Completing the FAA Pilot Proficiency Program (WINGS) (One or More Phases). Under § 61.56(e), a person who has satisfactorily completed one or more phases of the FAA-sponsored WINGS within the preceding 24 calendar-months does not need to accomplish the flight review requirements of this section. AC 61-91, WINGS—Pilot Proficiency Program.